- The language variety of black Americans or black
- it is accepted
that African American Vernacular English (AAVE) or Black
English Vernacular (BEV) is a distinct variety of English (rather
than a dialect).
- AAVE has its
roots in the slave trade where people captured in various parts of Africa
and with a variety of languages were forced to create a pidgin or creole.
this incorporated elements of English so it could also be used to communicate
with the slave owners.
- Similar origins to Jamaican Creole spoken by Jamaican communities in London, Manchester, Bristol, Birmingham, Leeds and Nottingham.
- After the 1950's there
was significant immigration to London as England welcomed workers in its
post war expansion and rebuilding.
- British Black English speakers are finding
their own voice in literature such as rap poetry and song.
- A lot of BBE is written phonetically.
- "yuhself" for "yourself"
- "dat" and "dem" for "that" and "them"
- "nuff" for "enough"
BBE has different grammatical constructions, observe the table.
- BBE speakers also use 'ain't' when using negation.
- It is seen a lot in American literature as it represent the way in which blacks' speak - giving them a sense of identity and significance.